Summary of the United Nations Climate of the Parties (COP26) 

With COP27 starting next Monday (7th November) we revisit last year’s COP26, which took place between 31 October to 12 November 2021 in Glasgow, United Kingdom. Attending the 26th Climate Summit, were more than 120 world leaders, who revisited the goals set out in the Paris Climate Agreement six years prior.  


What were the goals of COP26? 

There were four goals specifically laid out for COP26: 

1. Secure global net zero by mid-century and keep 1.5 degrees within reach.  

  • accelerate the phase-out of coal 

  • curtail deforestation 

  • speed up the switch to electric vehicles 

  • encourage investment in renewables. 

2. Adapt to protect communities and natural habitats 

Enable and encourage countries affected by climate change to: 

  • protect and restore ecosystems 

  • build defences, warning systems and resilient infrastructure and agriculture to avoid loss of homes, livelihoods and even lives 

3. Developed countries to mobilise at least $100bn in climate finance per year 

4. Work together to deliver on goals 

  • finalise the Paris Rulebook (the detailed rules that make the Paris Agreement operational) 

  • accelerate action to tackle the climate crisis through collaboration between governments, businesses and civil society. 


Did COP26 achieve these goals? 

The overall outcome of COP26 was met with mixed responses; many did not feel the results were an adequate response to effectively mitigate climate change and surrounding issues.  

As stated by the UN: ‘Cuts in global greenhouse gas emissions are still far from where they need to be to preserve a liveable climate, and support for the most vulnerable countries affected by the impacts of climate change is still falling far short. But COP26 did produce new “building blocks” to advance implementation of the Paris Agreement through actions that can get the world on a more sustainable, low-carbon pathway forward.’ 

However, there were progressive outcomes from COP26, such as the Glasgow Climate Pact: a new series of decisions building on the Paris accord. This included increased efforts to combat climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, providing financial support to developing countries, phasing down on coal power, and aiming to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial global temperatures.  

Another headline outcome was the agreement of the Paris Rulebook, wherein nations agreed on the outstanding decisions on how to implement the Paris Agreement. This included decisions on carbon markets, allowing countries behind on their emissions targets to purchase emissions reductions, and reaching decisions on an enhanced transparency framework for reporting emissions. 

Click on each day to read a summary of key takeaways. 


15 November 2021

Final Analysis - COP26

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12 November 2021

Day 12 - COP26

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12 November 2021

Day 11 - COP26

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11 November 2021

Day 10 - COP26

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10 November 2021

Day 9 - COP26

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9 November 2021

Day 8 - COP26

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8 November 2021

Day 6 & 7 - COP26

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5 November 2021

Day 5 - COP26

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5 November 2021

Day 4 - COP26

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4 November 2021

Day 3 - COP26

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3 November 2021

Day 2 - COP26

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2 November 2021

Day 1 - COP26

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